No Coal,Go Green!

Issue on Projects

Problems with Coal: A Look at Each Project

While the world moves to phase out coal, and even after ratifying the Paris Agreement, is promote coal-fired power both domestically and internationally. There are several coal-fired power projects around the world (including those under consideration) receiving investment or support from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and Japanese financial institutions and private companies. These projects are problematic in many ways, from being strong drivers of climate change, to devastating local environments, to adversely impacting the livelihoods of local residents such as agriculture and fisheries, to harming human health. For these reasons, Japan’s support for coal has drawn international scrutiny.

Japanese coal technology has a reputation for being efficient and superior, but rarely is the latest pollution control technology used in coal-fired power plants built with Japanese funding or support. Therefore, concentrations of pollutants emitted from such power plants are often higher than those in Japan. We investigated pollution control measures and emission concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and dust in 14 projects(including one prospected to be coming up for consideration by JICA and oen in the planning stage by JBIC) for which related documents such as an environmental impact assessment were available. Based on a comparison with five coal-fired power plants in Japan for which we could obtain similar related information, it became clear that the emission concentrations of overseas power plants supported by Japan (e.g. JBIC) tend to be much higher than those of domestic power plants.

There have also been cases of serious human rights violations, such as harassment and intimidation by local police and/or the military against local residents who oppose the projects.

Below is a Factsheet (summary) for each project and its related issues.

Area Country Project Supported by Size Fact Sheet update
Asia India Kudgi JBIC, private banks 2,400MW
Darripali JBIC, private banks 1,600MW
Meja JBIC 1,260MW 2014/3/24
Indonesia Indramayu JICA 1,000MW 2019/11
Cirebon 2 JBIC, private banks 1,000MW
Batang JBIC, private banks 2,000MW 2014/2/3
Malinau coal mining JBIC, private banks
Bangladesh Matarbari JICA 1,200MW 2020/8
Viet Nam Nghi Son 2 JBIC, private banks 1,200MW
Hai Phong 1&2 JBIC, private banks 1,200MW 2015/4/17
Van Phong 1 JBIC, private banks 1,320MW
Vinh Tan 3 Chinese banks (media info.) 1,980MW
Vinh Tan 4 JBIC, private banks, Export-Import Bank of Korea 1,200MW
Vinh Tan 4 ex. JBIC, private banks 600MW
Vung Ang 2 JBIC, private banks 1,200MW
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar, CHP-5 JBIC 463.5MW
Myanmar Anne Din JBIC, private banks 1,280MW
Nga Yoke Kaung JBIC, private banks 600MW
Tharabwin unknown 2,500MW
Africa Botswana Morupule B JBIC, Export-Import Bank of Korea, private banks 300MW 2017/10/20
South Africa Thabametsi South Africa Public Investment Corporation etc. 630MW 2019/5/30
Europe Croatia Plomin C 500MW
South America Chile Cochrane JBIC, private banks 472MW


Comparison of environmental measuring technologies between JBIC supported (including planning) oversea coal-fired power plants and Japanese coal-fired power plants (PDF)