The group for studying issues of the coal-fired power plant at Sendai Port (so called the Anti-Coal Sendai) was established in October, 2016. Prof. Hasegawa and Prof. Asuka at Tohoku University became coleaders for this citizen group. In 2014, media reports revealed construction plan of a coal-fired power plant, Sendai Power Station, at Miyagino, Sendai. Its developer is KEPCO and Itochu and installed capacity is 112.5MW and not required EIA. Local residents and city council have repeatedly requested to set a voluntary assessment and have explanatory meetings, but business developer never held any meetings till in March, 2017 at the time almost all construction was completed. Local residents is expressing anger to this power plant project. Anti-Coal Sendai move actively with starting health impact survey to the local residents, submitting requests for city council and prefectural assembly, collecting signatures and arranging other various activities.
In addition to the Sendai Power Station, another coal-fires power plant plan came out that tentative name is (tentative) Sendai Takamatus Power Plant. This is also small size power plant (112.5MW) that is not required EIA. Sendai city is currently processing ordinance EIA. This plant is going to be a mixed combustion with 30% wood biomass. However to say, since this plant also carry the same fundamental problems as Sendai Power Station, local residents are protesting this plan.
★Tokyo Bay area（Sodedaura, Chiba, Yokosuka）
The civil group for studying coal power plant in Tokyo Bay ( Anti-Coal Tokyo Bay) is established in May, 2017. There have been newly proposed coal-fired power plants in 4 areas (Sodegaura, Ichihara, Chiba, and Yokosuka) since 2012. There are 4 groups originally designed to discuss problems of local power plants: group for Chiba city (Chiba), Ichihara city (Chiba), Sodegarua city (Chiba) and Yokosuka city (Kanagawa). These four group members stand together to make the bigger civil movement that group is called as “the group studying coal power plant in Tokyo Bay (Anti-Coal Tokyo Bay)”. Four representatives of each group has become a joint representative.
In May 2015, a proposal for 2 units of 1,000MW coal-fired power plants so called Chiba Sodegaura Energy (established by Tokyo Gas, Kyushu Electric Power, and Idemitsu Kosan) was released. This plan is the largest scale among current domestic proposals. Its EIA was already started. When its first EIA screening document was submitted, the Minister of the Environment commented “Unacceptable” for this project. The group for studying coal power plant in Sodegaura (Anti-Coal Sodegaura) keeps watching development of this project and updating related information on their blog from the beginning.
Chiba Power (Chugoku Electric Power, JFE Steel) is planning to build a 1,070MW coal-fired power plant at JFE steel factory site. Its first EIA screening paper was opened in January, 2017. As soon as this project was unfurled, citizens stood up to protest this plan and established the group for studying coal power plant in Soga (Anti-Coal Soga). People living surrounding area who are suffered by coal powder dust lifted into the sky from the JFE Steel site, nasty smell, and air pollution, are worrying their living condition gets worse if new additional coal-fired power plant is built in the future.
Yokosuka Power Plant has plan to replace old oil-/LNG-fired power plants (closed units) to new 2 units of 650MW coal-fired power plants. Its first EIA screening paper was released in April, 2016. Its business developer is JERA (co-funding TEPCO Fuel & Power and Chubu Electric Power). The group for studying coal power plant in Yokosuka was established soon after this plan was announced and group members actively operate in the region.
The 1,000MW proposal for Ichihara (KENES and Tonen General Sekiyu) was canceled in March, 2017. This was the plan commented as “unacceptable” by the Minister of the Environment committed. The group for studying coal power plant in Ichihara was established to protest this plan. After this Ichihara plan was canceled, the group discussed and made their decision to keep working as a member of Anti-Coal Tokyo Bay because Ichihara city is within range of 5km radius of other coal-fired power plant projects.
The group for studing power plant in Kobe (Anti-Coal Kobe) was established in June, 2017. They are civil group for protesting a construction of power plant at KOBELCO. The first EIA paper for his plant was released in December, 2014. Its generation capacity is 1,300MW in total (2 units of 650MW). KOBELCO is planning to build such a large coal-fired power plant in a residential area of high population density in Kobe.
The goup for studying power plant in Takasago is established in January, 2017 to study problems of this coal-fired power plant and share related information. This project, planed by is J-POWER, was for replacement of 2 units (500MW in total). J-POWER was planning to shut down those 2 units and rebuild new 2 units of 600MW each; however, they decided to postpone this project in April, 2017.
Kiko Network is a national Japanese environmental NGO that works to tackle climate change and coal-fired power plant projects in cooperating with various NGOs in the world. To protest coal-fired power plant projects, Kiko Network tracks proposals, EIA process, and submits a written statements and press release concerning the projects.